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قديم 12-29-2014, 02:50 PM
الصورة الرمزية Dr-A-K-Mazhar
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تاريخ التسجيل: Nov 2007
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A conspiracy theory originally meant the "theory" that an event or phenomenon was the result of conspiracy between interested parties; however, from the mid-1960s onward, it is often used to denote ridiculous, misconceived, paranoid, unfounded, outlandish or irrational theories.[1][2][3][4] The problem is this results in possibly-rational conspiracy theories getting lost in the midst of the noise of newsworthy but disingenuous ideas such as New World Order or the Moon landing hoax. Daniel Pipes, in an early essay "adapted from a study prepared for the CIA" attempted to define which beliefs distinguish 'the conspiracy mentality' from 'more conventional patterns of thought'. He defined them as: appearances deceive; conspiracies drive history; nothing is haphazard; the enemy always gains power, fame, money, and sex[5

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[1]
20th Century Words (1999) John Ayto, Oxford University Press, p. 15
[2]
Pigden, Charles R (2007) "Conspiracy Theories and the Conventional Wisdom" Episteme: A Journal of Social Epistemology Volume 4, Issue 2, Edinburgh University Press pp. 222 DOI: 10.1353/epi.2007.0017
[3]
Coady, David Conspiracy theories: the philosophical debate, Ashgate Publishing; pg 2, 140
[4]
Balaban, Oded (2005) Interpreting conflict: Israeli-Palestinian Negotiations at Camp David II and Beyond, Peter Lang pg 66
[5]
Daniel Pipes, in Orbis, Winter, 1992: "Dealing with Middle Eastern Conspiracy Theories"

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