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  #5  
03-16-2022, 07:31 AM
 
: Jun 2017
: 394

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SAND CREATES RESISTANCE TO RUN
SAND MAKES DRIBBLE HARDER
Dribbling is the basic skill in football, it is the most difficult skills to learn on the beach also.
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Some of the best ways to add resistance to movement include the use of weight sleds, parachutes, hills, stairs and even sand
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As soon as running form is compromised, the effect of this sort of training will be reduced. One rule of thumb is to add no more than 10 percent resistance and make sure the load doesn't cause the athlete to slow more than 5 percent from his or her maximum, un-resisted speed.

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Speed parachutes create an overload on the muscles used for sprinting during the sprint. The faster the sprint, the more resistance is generated, so parachutes create an even and steady resistance. General recommendations are to use 20 to 50-yard sprints repeated for three to ten repetitions with a long rest between sprints. Some coaches have the athlete release the chute after 20 yards to create additional speed bursts.

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Most weight sleds should be pulled on grass or turf, and the amount of weight should be varied to accommodate the surface resistance. Again, don't use so much weight that your speed drops more than 5 percent from your regular sprint speed over the same distance

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Weight Vest Sprints
Weight vests can increase the resistance during sprint drills as well. As long as form and speed are maintained, most athletes can see good results using a well-fitting vest.
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Another option is to wear the weight vest while stair or hill running, or while practicing jump and land drills.
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Speed athletes will usually start with no more than five to eight pounds of weight. Practicing skills drills while wearing the vests also help build power and strength through a variety of sport-specific movement patterns
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Stair and Hill Running Sprints
If you have limited equipment, hill and stair drills can also provide a good resisted sprint training workout. While it may not mimic the movement patterns in a given sport, it will create a full-body overload and help an athlete build functional and dynamic strength and power. Start slowly to avoid injury or delayed onset soreness, and gradually build up intensity and time. Use the return phase as recovery, rather than sprinting back down. The repetitions will vary based upon the length of the stairs, so work with your coach to determine the best routine
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Sand is one of the most challenging surfaces on which to practice sprint drills. The softer the sand, the more force an athlete will need to produce to move forward. It also requires more energy, more balance, and more strength than a hard surface.

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The downside of sand sprints is that it is nearly impossible to maintain proper running form due to the sliding motion of the surface. So, while it's a killer workout, and will build speed and power, it's not ideal for all athletes. For ultra-intense athletes, consider adding sandhill sprints, and then prepare to suffer.

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In fact, according to the Cleveland Clinic, 18 million people see a doctor for knee pain each year
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On average, professional soccer teams practice for 4 6 hours a day for 5 days a week

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the: 10,000 hour rule.

10,000
hours = practicing an average of 20 hours per
week (3 hours a day) for 10 years.

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Football is one of the most popular female sports, with about 30 million girls and women playing it worldwide.
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The ban had been in place from 1941 until 1979 and clearly influenced the way even players regarded women.
In the year that the ban was lifted, Pel told a local paper that football "can be a hobby, but not a real sport for women".
It comes as little surprise that prejudice and stereotypes remained even after the ban was lifted

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Injuries are more likely to happen on turf because cleats arent able to penetrate the ground as they would on grass. So, when making quick cuts and turns the foot can get stuck in the surface.
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This means that in a normal 70 afternoon (21 celsius), the surface on turf can be at 115 (46 celsius

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A study at Michigan State University showed that it can cost nearly 50,000 dollars a year to maintain a grass field in good conditions.
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players run approximately 70 percent of the actual minutes of the game
Most of the runs made in soccer are explosive, high-intensity runs, rather than long, slow runs
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soccer is a "power-sport," where sprinting, maximum strength and jumping ability is extremely important. Running long distance will affect the players performance in an opposite way, making them weak and slow instead of strong and fast as most people believe.

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Running long distance will stimulate the slow twitch muscle fibers, meaning that the body will adapt to the slow tempo being performed during long- distance running and, over time, the fast twitch muscle fibers will "drown," which will make the players slower

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So start this process as early as possible.

I recently watched a team practice and hardly heard a player speak on the field. They wait until the coach tells them what to do, this is wrong but has developed because they have not been taught / guided correctly to think for themselves; from U8 and onwards and allowed / encouraged to develop their own soccer intelligence.
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We can fix this at U8 and every year beyond if the coaching methodology of question and answer and guided discovery is used as opposed to the traditional COMMAND style that is out of date; though can still be used when needed; but sparingly rather than as the norm.

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35 Tips To Be a Better Soccer Defender
Giving no time to react
Correct positioning and stance
Developing your patience
Anticipating their next move
Using your body correctly
The eyes on the ball and the defender
Defending with your heart
Always playing outside
No risking the ball behind
Always on your toes
Covering the ball for a foul
Perfect slide tackles
Intimidating attackers
Prevent them from using their strengths
dont let him use his speed
Moving attackers into congested areas
Keep it simple
Remember that the correct defending stance is: Approaching at an angle, low, and on your toes.
Do not Stand flat-footed
Remember that soccer is a game for smart people not rough.
Lunging for the ball too early

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Sergio Ramos Always remember that the most important job of a defender is to maintain our goal in zero

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World Cup stunning moments: The Battle of Santiago
The eight games played over the first two days of the tournament featured four red cards, three broken legs, a fractured ankle and some cracked ribs. The first match in Englands group, between Argentina and Bulgaria, was won by the south Americans thanks to what was described as a display of hacking, tripping, pushing and any other dirty tricks. After the game, in which the Spanish referee Juan Gardeazabal awarded 69 free-kicks at the rate of one every 78 seconds, the Bulgarian Todor Diev displayed a cut nose and legs decorated with stud marks and said Argentina were like boxers.

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George Hood held a plank for eight hours, 15 minutes and 15 seconds in Chicago, Illinois. George Hood says he's still in excruciating pain after breaking the Guinness World Record for planking over eight hours
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(The previous record was held by 45 year-old Mao Weigdong of China, who held a plank for eight hours, one minute and one second in 2016.)
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When I first tried to do it, I went five minutes,
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He began to plank every day for six months and eventually had his first Guinness World Record in 2011 with a plank that lasted one hour, 20 minutes and 25 seconds.
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For the 2020 plank challenge, Hood, who is mostly retired but has some fitness clients, trained seven hours a day for about 18 months to build stamina and physical and mental strength leading up to the event.
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Despite the physical pain of planking for eight hours, Hood says the hardest part of conquering the feat is the mental challenge. So for six months leading up to the event, Hood worked with mindset coach Renae Cobley.
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There are times you get self-doubt. You get bored. You wonder if its worth anything, Hood says. Cobley taught me to believe [in myself] no matter what.
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During training, Hood (who is based in Chicago) would call Cobley (whos based in Australia) after long practice planks. For an hour or two they would discuss Hoods thoughts and any barriers he ran into. Hood, for example, often struggled with thoughts of quitting as the pain from planking intensified.
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One technique Cobley used with Hood both in training and during the competition was having him visualize that he was a tree and that his roots run deep through through earth.
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A tree that has deep roots can outlast almost any condition ferocious storms, extreme heat and cold and the sheer brutality of life and its obstacles, Cobley says.
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his elbows began to bleed four hours into his record-breaking plank, and to dissociate any awareness of time, which Cobley says is key in a timed competition.
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4 to 5 hours of planking and 2,000 crunches a day
For the physical portion of the training, Hood devoted four to five hours a day solely to planking.
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To build stamina, its done in three sets or less a day, Hood says, meaning that he planked for an hour or two at time and then took a short break (break times varied he says) to give his body some rest.
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I had a 30 hour [planking] goal to make each week, he said.
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Every day, Hood also did at least 700 push ups, 2,000 crunches, 500 toe squats (squats done balanced on your toes) and about 500 bicep curls using a resistance band (to strengthen his arms and shoulders).
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During the eight-hour-plus competition plank, Hood says he burned 4,252 calories, according to his heart rate monitor.
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Hood had only a half-cup of oatmeal, one egg and lots of water four hours before the event so that he didnt need to use the bathroom while planking, and during training, Hoods diet was also a balance of carbohydrates and proteins
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As for his next move, Hood says he plans to break the Guinness World Record for the most push ups in one hour. The record is currently held by Carlton Williams from Australia, who at 52, did 2,682 push ups in 60 minutes in 2017.
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Stretching might seem like just another thing to do that delays bedtime, but its super important for recovery. Plus, it may even make you sleepy, which is a plus.
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Messi's goat photoshoot went viral
Notably Lionel Messi, who's picked up the nickname 'GOAT' over the years, but not because he trots across the pitch like the furry mammal: it stands for 'greatest of all time.'
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If you want to lose weight, then the early hours of the morning is the ideal time for you! Exercising in the morning helps to burn fat.
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When is it better to train in the evening?
If you do strength training and your goal is to gain muscle mass, it makes more sense for you to train in the evening. This is when your body has more energy and produces more hormones such as testosterone that promotes muscle development (and this also applies to women!)
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I recommend you finish the training at least two hours before going to bed to achieve the greatest benefit.
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My main advice for you is this: train at the time your body asks for it the most!
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Traditionally, experts have recommended not exercising at night as part of good sleep hygiene. Now a new study, published Oct. 29, 2018, in Sports Medicine, suggests that you can exercise in the evening as long as you avoid vigorous activity for at least one hour before bedtime.
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You may be thinking that a late-night workout will have you so energized you won't be able to slow down when it's time to go to sleep but the opposite is actually true! According to The Washington Post, exercise helps you sleep deeper and longer, no matter what time of day you exercise. In fact, working out after dark can help you fall asleep faster.
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Tic tac toe warm up
The tic-tac-toe warm-up drill takes the classic game of tic-tac-toe and turns it into a fun warm-up relay competition.
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Johan Cruyff
Throughout his playing career, he was synonymous with Total Football, a style of play in which every player could play in any position on the pitch.
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The warm up should begin approximately 30 minutes before kick-off:
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Vigorous workouts, though, should be avoided in the evening. Strenuous physical activity can stimulate your nervous system and raise your heart rate too much, making it difficult to fall asleep.
Examples of vigorous-intensity exercise include:


high-intensity interval training (HIIT)
running
swimming laps
jumping rope
competitive cycling
heavy weightlifting
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Many athletes consume foods or drinks that contain caffeine before or during workouts and competitions. Caffeine is a stimulant you can habituate to quite readily, meaning that some people can drink coffee late in the day and fall asleep just fine.
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Ease up on the stimulants: Remember, caffeine doesnt actually give you any additional energy. It primarily helps with focus and awareness, and in that regard consuming more doesnt necessarily lead to greater benefit
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focusing on defenders hips to see which direction theyre moving
so you can anticipate the best way to get them off balance or even catch them with their legs spread for a morale-killing nutmeg.
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Approach the defender slowly. Messi brings the defender in and forces him to reveal his hand and make a mistake before blowing past them finding space. Messi isnt a flashy dribbler like Ronaldhino or a master of the step-over like Cristiano Ronaldo, he just uses simple changes of direction and ball control to do inhuman looking things
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You dont have to go super-fast to find space, you just need to make the smart dribble and catch the defender flat-footed and out of position. He wont be able to touch you
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Under-18s can only be transferred abroad if:

The player's parents move to the country in which the new club is located for non-footballing reasons.

Both clubs are in the European Union or European Economic Area and the player is aged between 16 and 18. Even then, the buying club must meet more criteria relating to education, training, living conditions and support.
They live within 100km of the club
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Each stretch should be held for 20-30 seconds and should be repeated at least twice (preferably three time). So for example, you wouldnt perform a calf stretch, then a hamstring stretch then a quad stretch etc., and then repeat the whole routine
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Instead you would perform 3 calf stretches, then 3 hamstring stretches and so on.
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Ballistic soccer stretching bouncing or jerky movements that use your bodyweight to increase the stretch. Bending over and bouncing to touch your toes is a classic example. Avoid ballistic stretching. There are safer and equally as effective ways to improve range of motion.
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It is important to hold stretches for 20 30 seconds to make them useful.
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Get into space: an area of a football pitch clear of other players.
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Paint pictures: Getting players to scan and notice their surroundings
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Coaches should choose their words carefully when teaching some concepts to young players
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Goalkeeper: You are better off being out of position but in balance than being in position and off balance.
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The body is in motion, to overcome the effects of inertia.
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When the ball is in motion, the goalkeeper is in motion. When the ball is stationary, the goalkeeper is stationary.
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The further the ball is from the goal, the further the keeper is form the goal line.
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The importance of freedom in street soccer
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Long before there were academies, training schools and weekend skills programs the only place for a youngster to hone their skills was on the streets
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Away from the prying eyes of pushy parents and Sunday league coaches nothing was impossible and mistakes didnt matter.
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Street football has its similarities in small sided games and futsal.
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At Barcelona they use a training method that translates to chaotic football this is a training session where their are no dimensions, no distinctive team colours and so on this is a method that enhances peripheral vision and in many ways rains the transition of winning the ball back those first few seconds of deciding whether to counter attack or play out of trouble and back into build up play.
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Manchester United also have a street football scheme. As do Liverpool in their curriculum they mention it.
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With the urban sprawl decreasing available space, fussy neighbors and overzealous police quick to break up any games that do get under way it is becoming increasingly difficult.
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For me it is no coincidence that places like South America and Africa tend to produce players with more natural and creative imagination than the likes of England, Australia and the USA.
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AC Milan legend, George Weah, grew up playing his football on the red dusty streets of the Clara Town slum of Monrovia in his native Liberia.
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as Maradona did before being spotted by a passing Argentinos Jr coach
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The play in these street games is hard fast, and furious. Your mind needs to work over time as events do not fall in to the usual script of a regular training session or match, which are usually dictated by coaches or over zealous parents.
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so street games that have been passed down from generation to generation-in Brazil simply dont exist here.
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You have to think really quickly because everyone is close to each other.
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It was through futebol de salão that I first got my chance to play with adults.
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I ended up top scorer, with fourteen or fifteen goals. That gave me a lot of confidence. I knew then not to be afraid of whatever might come.
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Let The Kids Decide (Chaotic Football)
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Roni Masur also suggests throwing away any distinctive coloured clothing such as bibs to differentiate between the two teams. This helps improve their peripheral vision and makes them think more before passing the ball.
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We go for a cup of tea and leave him to it, said Sir Alex Ferguson after watching Cristiano Ronaldo hit a wonder goal from a free kick in 2008.
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He practices all the time, 20 or 25 minutes after training; there he is with the balls. Wall up, bang, bang, bang, bang. He takes about 30 kicks every day,
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We need to produce players that play with creative freedom and that can only happen if we introduce them to this type of freedom at an early age
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Let the game be the teacher, says former Football Federation Victoria Coach Darren Tan.
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Football Tennis is the game made famous by the bronzed Brazilians down on the beaches of Rio de Janiero.
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What most people seem to forget is that Ronaldo, Pele, Kaka and the rest of the Rio beach goers werent born with this skills already engrained in to their bodies. They arent genetically passed down through the generations or, as I was once told in primary school, they are not created in a special scientific football lab test tube. In fact there is only one way to pick up these skills and that is through practice, practice and more practice.
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Learning these skills will also increase a childs confidence to take on the game and try new, creative ways of solving the many footballing problems.
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At Dutch club Ajax there is apparently a street soccer centre where young prospect are told to go at least twice a week to play with their friends in a relaxed environment. There they will find soccer tennis courts, five a-side pitches and a whole host of different sized and weighted balls.
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BACK-YARD SOCCER by Roni Mansur:
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Unstructured play will foster creativity in American soccer players
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Why is now the time to bring street (back-yard) soccer to the United States?
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Most of the creative players in Major League Soccer (MLS) are foreign imports.
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so American soccer has a chance to ascend to the next level during the next 10 years.
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The root of this symptom can be traced to the way in which American youth soccer players are coached and developed and the absence of street soccer in the American youth soccer environment.
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Street soccer refers to the various kinds of pickup soccer games played in parks, gyms, and in streets and alleys around the world.
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the goalposts often being made from t-shirts, bags, rocks or sticks.
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Everything else is negotiable, such as the boundaries and even the rules. There is no referee. There usually are no fans. There is no coach. It is soccer in its most basic and unadulterated form.
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Most top youth soccer clubs in the United States seek to win state cups and tournaments as early as the U-10 and U-11 age groups.
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For instance, the goal of the soccer academies in England is to develop the next Steven Gerrard or Wayne Rooney rather than win the FA Youth Cup every year.
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Young players face no significant financial barriers to entering the sport because they always can play street soccer with some friends as long as they have a ball and some space.
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In USA, Low-income families confront significant barriers to entry because it costs $300 to $500 per year for a young player to play for two 10-week seasons with the local town team.
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The cost of playing for a youth soccer club ranges from $800 to $1,500 per player annually. Young soccer players from low-income families are excluded at a very early age, which is unfortunate; many of these players come from immigrant families whose home countries have a rich soccer culture. A further consequence of this situation is that it reduces the pool of potential players from which top talent can be identified and developed.
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As a result, the existing American youth soccer structure is supported largely by middle-class adults, who volunteer countless hours as coaches and spend a considerable amount of time and effort supporting their childrens interests. However, most of these adults did not grow up playing or watching soccer and only have a cursory understanding of the game. More importantly, most of them do not fully grasp the fundamental differences between coaching adult and youth sports.
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American kids are in no way less creative or less capable than young players in Brazil or Italy. Its just that most of them dont play soccer enough, and their only opportunities to play the game are in a controlled environment where most coaches, intentionally or unintentionally, suppress their players creative instincts in order to achieve the best outcome for the team.
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Around the world, young soccer players can be found kicking anything that resembles a ball every chance they get alone or with siblings or friends. They come up with crazy moves to dribble past their older brothers and sisters.
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Most importantly, there is no coach or adult yelling from the sidelines if you make a mistake.
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It exposes players continually to solving soccer-related problems on their own, which helps them develop their independent decision-making skills through trial and error.
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What are small-sided games and what are some of their benefits?
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These organizations recommend that the 11 v. 11 game format should be applicable only for players above the age of 12; U-6 players should play 3 v. 3, U-8 players 4 v. 4, U-10 players 6 v. 6, and U-12 players 8 v. 8. It also is recommended that these small-sided games be played on correspondingly smaller field sizes.
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It creates a fun environment where kids are able to get more touches on the ball and, as a result, have more opportunities to score goals than they would in an 11 v. 11 format.
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This increased participation also provides more opportunities for players to practice the key technical skills of dribbling, passing, tackling, and shooting.
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Furthermore, the smaller games also help develop the players mental skills. In particular, they teach players to maintain focus by not dwelling on mistakes that would distract them from being ready for their next touch on the ball.
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How is street soccer different from small-sided games and how can coaches incorporate street soccer into American youth soccer?

The small-sided games concept offers many benefits, but it still represents activities that adults control and direct. This is the key difference between street soccer and small-sided games. In street soccer, there is no adult supervision.
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they should be congratulated when they display these characteristics, even if the result on the scoreboard is a loss.
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Glimpses of creativity occur fairly often during youth soccer when an idea for a crazy move pops into a young players head and they try something new.
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Coaches should not use tactical approaches that increase the likelihood of winning games at the expense of the players long-term development. Coaches who insist on using an approach that is too physical will be putting their players at a disadvantage in the long run when opponents catch up in physical maturity.
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Coaches also must understand that creativity cant be taught and that it only can be nurtured in an appropriate environment.
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Art of defending is predict and prepare
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I always layer it as defending as an individual, then defending as a pair, then defending as a unit. So if you cant necessarily defend as the individual, the pair and the unit are compromised.
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and being able to delay attacks
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once youre at a good level as an individual, you can look at the pair and at the unit.
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I think youve got to try and make defending more fun than a lot of players potentially view it as. So a game Ive used quite a lot is a clean sheet game whoever scores first has one or two minutes to keep a clean sheet.
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try and defend as side-on for as long as possible. Because if youre side-on, you can push forward to press if its in front of you, and drop off and recover behind if the ball goes over or around.
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So you might have a strength deficit, but can you make that up with your positioning? If you know theyre stronger than you, can you either prepare earlier and pinch the ball before it even gets there and beat them with intelligence and agility?
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Correct heading technique in attack (U9-U14 activity)
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Eyes open look at the ball Put your weight on the balls of your feet Head the ball down
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Goalie positioning tips
1. If the ball is in the attacking third of the pitch, the keeper should be in the front third of their penalty area.

2. If the balls in the middle third, they should stand in the middle third of their penalty area.

3. If the balls in the defending third, they should position themselves a little distance from their goal-line.
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The space between the keeper and defenders should be small enough to make it tricky for opponents to play a ball into it without either the keeper or defenders getting there first.
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A good position also means the goalkeeper is available to receive a backpass from an under-pressure teammate.
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Soccer coaching tips to build a defensive wall:
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Four players are each given a number, starting with the tallest.
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When a free kick is conceded, the player nearest the ball usually the player that committed the foul stands in front of the ball, stopping the opposition from taking the kick quickly.
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Once the goalkeeper is sure the free kick cannot be taken quickly, he needs to assess the position of the ball and call for players to create a wall. This is normally between two and four players.
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the goalkeeper should stand at the goal post nearest the ball (or choose either post if the ball is positioned centrally).
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Once he has positioned the wall, the goalkeeper should position himself in the unprotected part of the goal. Make sure he knows which part of the goal he is defending and where he should stand when the kick is taken.
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The players follow the first players lead as he is repositioned by the goalkeeper. The goalkeeper might position this player up to a yard outside of the post to stop the free kick being curled around the wall.
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Heading from crosses technique
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Move into the balls line of flight.
Take off on one foot, and land on both.
Use the arms for elevation.
At the highest point of the jump, head the top half of the ball to direct it downwards.
Strong neck muscles and an arched back equal power.
Aim for the corners of the goal.
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Start heading training drills when players are aged about eight or nine.
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Dont overdo heading sessions with young players keep them short.

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Try a softer ball to help build confidence.
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Use their neck muscles.
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The aim of defensive headers is to achieve distance and height. Distance, to keep the ball away from the goal, and height, to give more time for the defence to become organised to repel the next attack.
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Keep their eyes below the ball.
Head the bottom half of the ball.
Be almost side-on with the body.
Attack the ball.
Take off on one foot.
Use the arms for elevation.
Arch the back before heading the ball.
Head the ball at its highest point.
Land on both feet.
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The big difference between defensive and attacking headers is that attacking players are mostly looking to head the ball down.
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Thats because heading the ball down makes it tougher for goalkeepers to make a save.
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Where a soccer goalie should stand to protect the goal.
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So positioning is three dimensional, left, right and above the head.
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First priority is to protect the near post.
Remember, two hands to the near post, one hand to the far post.
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Controlling_the_space_behind_the_back_line
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Mistakes Soccer Players Make In The Weight Room
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Keeping your posture and balance when collecting or shielding the ball requires a strong upper body.
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Your hip and glute muscles are also essential; they give you that explosive strength to beat your opponents to the ball and are also the source of your shot power.
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Strong muscles can contract quicker and more powerfully when trained in the correct manner
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Our speed will however be affected for up to approximately 72 hours after a heavy lifting session, during which time our muscles are in recovery (I always recommend heavy lifting to be used mainly during the off season when adequate recovery time is available).
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By strength training eccentrically we can improve our balance, shock absorption capability and amount of force our muscles and joints are able to withstand upon landing
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Reactive power:
We can increase our ability to generate a greater force when jumping immediately following a landing, Meaning more chance of getting to that second ball after landing a header
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Starting power
Essential for accelerating from a stand still, when our muscles are required to generate maximum force at the beginning of a contraction to produce a high level of initial speed
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Decelerating power
Deceleration requires great power in the muscles of the legs and glutes
The same muscles are used here as in acceleration, however they are contracting eccentrically (lengthening rather than shortening)
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Your goal when going into the gym should be to maximize your performance when match time comes.
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Weight Gain should be done in the offseason or preseason before official competition rolls around
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FIFA Technical Study Group publishes 2018 FIFA World Cup Russia report
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The team with the most average ball possession per match, Spain (69%), failed to progress from the round of 16, while champions France were 19th in the overall possession ranking.
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Serbia were the hardest-running team at the tournament, covering an average of 113 km per game. By contrast, France were 28th in this respect, averaging 101 km per match.
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Shooting efficiency from outside the penalty area improved dramatically: the average strike rate was a goal per 29 long-range attempts, compared to one in 42 at Brazil 2014.
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At the 2018 FIFA World Cup, one in every 29 corners led to a goal, whereas the figure was 61 at South Africa 2010 and 36 at Brazil 2014. This trend of superior effectiveness continued through the knockout stage in Russia, where teams scored from one in every 31 corners compared to every 41 in Brazil.
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We saw less of the so-called playmakers at this World Cup, perhaps as a result of the way teams played. However, there were still some outstanding individuals in this area. Paul Pogba of France excelled, but Luka Modrić stole the show.
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The TSG reports have been produced since the 1966 FIFA World Cup and are available here.
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Soccer Positions: The Numbers, Player Roles & Basic Formations
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Think about each position as one part in a well-oiled machine each part has a specific job to do in order for that machine to function properly.
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Soccer positions and formations can vary based on several factors, including age group, league, coaching strategy and number of players allowed on the field.
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While watching professional soccer, you may hear a commentator declare that an athlete plays like a number 10 even though they are playing in the 6.
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